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How to Add/Modify App Flavors

Product Flavors Configuration

Product flavors are a way to create different versions of the same application with distinct features or characteristics. Each product flavor represents a different version of the application, and you can configure various aspect of the app for each flavor. To set this up, navigate to fhircore > android > quest > Gradle scripts > build.gradle.kts in the quest module.

Configuration Details

flavorDimensions Declaration

The flavorDimensions variable is used to declare dimensions for product flavors. In the provided code snippet, a new dimension named "apps" is added to the existing flavor dimensions.

flavorDimensions += "apps"

productFlavors Configuration

The productFlavors block is used to define different flavors of the Android application.

productFlavors {
create("opensrp") {
dimension = "apps"
manifestPlaceholders["appLabel"] = "OpenSRP"
isDefault = true

The product flavors are easily modigied to the specified app flavor e.g.

create("afyayangu") {
dimension = "apps"
applicationIdSuffix = ".afyayangu"
versionNameSuffix = "-afyayangu"
manifestPlaceholders["appLabel"] = "Afya Yangu"

Config properties of productFlavors

create ()Block defining the product flavoryes
dimensionSpecifies that the app flavor belongs to the "apps" dimensionyesapps
manifestPlaceholders["appLabel"]Sets a placeholder in the build.gradle.kts file. This is often used to customize values in the manifest based on the flavor. In this case, the appLabel placeholder is set to "app flavor."yes
isDefault: Marks the "opensrp" flavor as the default flavor. This means that if no flavor is specified during the build, the "opensrp" flavor will be used by default.
applicationIdSuffixUsed to append a suffix to the applicationId for a specific product flavor or build type. This is particularly useful when you want to create multiple variants of your app with slight variations, such as different flavors for testing, preview, or other environments.

Android Application Variants Configuration

Integrate this code snippet into your Android Gradle build file and plce it within the android block.

android {
// ... other configuration ...

applicationVariants.all {
val variant = this
variant.resValue("string", "authenticator_account_type", "\"${applicationId}\"")

The provided code snippet operates within the context of applicationVariants.all, iterating over all application variants. It customizes two string resources: authenticator_account_type and app_name.variant.resValue("string", "authenticator_account_type", "\"${applicationId}\"") This line sets the authenticator_account_type string resource dynamically for each variant. Here's a breakdown:

  • variant: Represents the current application variant in the iteration.

  • resValue("string", "authenticator_account_type", "\"${applicationId}\""): Defines a string resource with the name "authenticator_account_type" and assigns its value as the applicationId of the current variant. The\"${applicationId}\"syntax ensures that the applicationId is enclosed in double quotes.

  • variant.resValue("string", "app_name", "\"${variant.mergedFlavor.manifestPlaceholders["appLabel"]}\"")

    • This line sets the app_name string resource dynamically for each variant. Here's a breakdown:
  • resValue("string", "app_name", "\"${variant.mergedFlavor.manifestPlaceholders["appLabel"]}\""): Defines a string resource with the name app_name and assigns its value as the appLabel specified in the manifest placeholders of the current variant. The \"${variant.mergedFlavor.manifestPlaceholders["appLabel"]}\" syntax ensures that the appLabel is enclosed in double quotes.

Note: This code block is placed within the Gradle file to avoid conflicts with other configurations.

One can also define the type of build variant one needs to work with eg: debugNonProxy,debug, release, etc. Integrate the below code snippet to the android block in the Gradle file.

android {
// ... other configuration ...

buildTypes {
create("debugNonProxy") { initWith(getByName("debug")) }

getByName("release") {
isMinifyEnabled = false
proguardFiles(getDefaultProguardFile("proguard-android-optimize.txt"), "")
signingConfig = signingConfigs.getByName("release")

create("debugNonProxy") { initWith(getByName("debug")) }

  • This line creates a new custom build variant named "debugNonProxy" by inheriting configurations from the existing "debug" variant. Here's a breakdown:

  • create("debugNonProxy"): Defines a new build variant with the name "debugNonProxy".

  • { initWith(getByName("debug")) }: Initializes the "debugNonProxy" variant by inheriting configurations from the "debug" variant. This allows "debugNonProxy" to share properties and settings with "debug" while still providing the flexibility to customize its behavior.

getByName("release") { ... }

  • This block customizes the "release" build variant by modifying certain configurations:

  • isMinifyEnabled = false: Disables code shrinking and obfuscation by setting minification to false.

  • proguardFiles(getDefaultProguardFile("proguard-android-optimize.txt"), ""): Specifies ProGuard rules files for the "release" variant. ProGuard is a code shrinker and obfuscator for Java projects.

  • signingConfig = signingConfigs.getByName("release"): Associates the signing configuration named "release" with the "release" variant. This ensures that the "release" variant is signed with the specified signing configuration